Cooperative multiple access under energy harvesting constraints
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We consider a cooperative multiple access channel (MAC) with two energy harvesting transmitters. The transmitters perform delay constrained transmission, i.e., every information block is encoded, transmitted and decoded between two consecutive energy harvests. We aim to maximize the achievable departure region over a finite transmission duration. We formulate the departure region maximization as a convex optimization problem. We propose an iterative algorithm which uses a directional waterfilling strategy to calculate the optimal power components. The departure region obtained by cooperation is shown to be significantly larger than that of a MAC without cooperation under the same energy arrival patterns. As a special case, we also analyze an energy harvesting relay channel with full duplex cooperation.