Design of a key exchange protocol between SIM card and service provider
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Current capabilities of smart cards, Smartphones, and cellular network provoke companies to provide vast amount of services to the mobile users. Some of those services require end-to-end encryption between a Service Provider and a SIM card. Keyed SIM cards already contain the required structure for secure key generation and upload, whereas un-keyed SIM cards do not have the required capability for this. In this paper, we provide a key exchange protocol, which creates a symmetric key by the collaborative work of SIM card and the Service Provider server. After a successful protocol run, SIM card and Service Provider can perform end-to-end data encryption.