Effective semi-supervised learning strategies for automatic sentence segmentation
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The primary objective of sentence segmentation process is to determine the sentence boundaries of a stream of words output by the automatic speech recognizers. Statistical methods developed for sentence segmentation requires a significant amount of labeled data which is time-consuming, labor intensive and expensive. In this work, we propose new multi-view semi-supervised learning strategies for sentence boundary classification problem using lexical, prosodic, and morphological information. The aim is to find effective semi-supervised machine learning strategies when only small sets of sentence boundary labeled data are available. We primarily investigate two semi-supervised learning approaches, called self-training and co-training. Different example selection strategies were also used for co-training, namely, agreement, disagreement and self-combined. Furthermore, we propose three-view and committee-based algorithms incorporating with agreement, disagreement and self-combined strategies using three disjoint feature sets. We present comparative results of different learning strategies on the sentence segmentation task. The experimental results show that the sentence segmentation performance can be highly improved using multi-view learning strategies that we proposed since data sets can be represented by three redundantly sufficient and disjoint feature sets. We show that the proposed strategies substantially improve the average baseline F-measure of 67.66% to 75.15% and 64.84% to 66.32% when only a small set of manually labeled data is available for Turkish and English spoken languages, respectively.
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