Head-on-collision of nonlinear waves in a fluid of variable viscosity contained in an elastic tube
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In this work, treating the arteries as a thin walled, prestressed elastic tube and the blood as an incompressible viscous fluid of variable viscosity, we have studied the interactions of two nonlinear waves, in the long wave approximation, through the use of extended PLK perturbation method, and the evolution equations are shown to be the Korteweg-deVries-Burgers equation. The results show that, Up to O(is an element of(3/2)), the head-on-collision of two nonlinear progressive waves is elastic and the nonlinear progressive waves preserve their original properties after the collision. The phase functions for each wave are derived explicitly and it is shown that they are not straight lines anymore, they are rather some curves.