Channel estimation for space-time block coded OFDM systems in the presence of multipath fading
Çırpan, Hakan Ali
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In this paper, a computationally efficient, non-data-aided maximum a posterlori(MAP) channel estimation algorithm is proposed for orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) systems with transmitter diversity using space-time block coding. The Alamouti's transmit diversity scheme with two transmit antennas is employed here and generalized for OFDM systems. The algorithm requires a convenient representation of the discrete multipath fading channel based on the Karhunen-Loeve orthogonal expansion and estimates the complex channel parameters of each subcarriers iteratively using the Expectation Maximization(EM) method, which converges to the true MAP estimation of the unknown channel. Ananalytical expression is derived for the Modified Cramer-Rao. lower bound of the proposed MAP channel estimator. The performance is presented in terms of the mean-square error for a system employing QPS signaling.
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