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Turkey's Kurdish Opening: Long Awaited Achievements and Failed Expectations
(ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, 2014-01-02)
Turkish state actors have used mainly military means to first suppress the Kurdish rebellions and then to end the PKK violence from 1984 onwards. However, after the AKP came to office in 2002, the government challenged the ...
Turkey's Military Victory over the PKK and Its Failure to End the PKK Insurgency
(Routledge journals, Taylor & Francis LTD., 2015-09-03)
This article explores the major reasons why Turkey could not end the PKK insurgency despite its military defeat in the late 1990s. It argues that Turkish governments have failed to sufficiently address two key aspects of ...
Countering insurgency: Turkey's policy toward the PKK's transnational dynamics in Europe
(Routledge Journals, Taylor & Francis Ltd, 2018-01-02)
Insurgents often develop international connections and benefit from external assistance from a variety of sources. Support from diaspora communities has long been considered one of the critical external factors in the ...