Deterministic generation of large scale atomic W states
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We present a deterministic scheme for generating large-scale atomic W states in a cavity QED system via a simple expansion mechanism, which is realized only by a detuned interaction between two identical atoms and a vacuum cavity mode. With the presented scheme, a W-type Bell pair can be created and an n-atom W state can be expanded to a 2n-atom W state with a unit probability of success in principle. No multi-atom gates, quantum memories or quantum non-demolition measurements are required, greatly simplifying the experimental realization of the scheme. The feasibility analysis shows that our expansion scheme can be implemented with state-of-the-art technologies. Our scheme enables advances not only in quantum information and communication but also in quantum thermodynamics, where atomic W states plays a crucial role.