A note on the cylindrical solitary waves in an electron-acoustic plasma with vortex electron distribution
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In the present work, we consider the propagation of nonlinear electron-acoustic non-planar waves in a plasma composed of a cold electron fluid, hot electrons obeying a trapped/vortex-like distribution, and stationary ions. The basic nonlinear equations of the above described plasma are re-examined in the cylindrical coordinates through the use reductive perturbation method in the long-wave approximation. The modified cylindrical Korteweg-de Vries equation with fractional power nonlinearity is obtained as the evolution equation. Due to the nature of nonlinearity, which is fractional, this evolution equation cannot be reduced to the conventional Korteweg-de Vries equation. An analytical solution to the evolution equation, by use of the method developed by Demiray [Appl. Math. Comput. 132, 643 (2002); Comput. Math. Appl. 60, 1747 (2010)] and a numerical solution by employing a spectral scheme are presented and the results are depicted in a figure. The numerical results reveal that both solutions are in good agreement.