Competency approach to human resources management: Outcomes and contributions in a Turkish cultural context
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KünyeÖzçelik, G. & Ferman, A. M. (2006). Competency approach to human resources management: Outcomes and contributions in a turkish cultural context. Human Resource Development Review, 5(1), 72-91. doi:10.1177/1534484305284602
This article examines the competency approach to human resources management (HRM) in organizations through a review of literature and theories on the competency perspective. Building on previous theory and some empirical evidence, a new competency framework is developed. The main purpose of the article is to examine the effectiveness of the competency approach as a human resources strategy for promoting expected roles, skills, and behaviors in organizations. The article also examines potential challenges to implementing a competency approach to HRM in a special cultural context. This is provided by a case study in a multinational, fast-moving, consumer goods company in Turkey. One of the findings of the study is that there are challenges to implementing the competency approach due to the cultural differences between home and host countries. If properly designed, however, the competency approach can enhance selection, development, promotion, and reward processes to meet both individual and organizational needs.