Cross-ethnic friendship self-efficacy: A new predictor of cross-ethnic friendships among children
AuthorBağcı Hemşinlioğlu, Sabahat Çiğdem
Turner, Rhiannon N.
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CitationBağcı Hemşinlioğlu, S. Ç., Cameron, L., Turner, R. N., Morais, C., Carby, A., Ndhlovu, M. & Leney, A. (2019). Cross-ethnic friendship self-efficacy: A new predictor of cross-ethnic friendships among children. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, , 136843021987921. doi:10.1177/1368430219879219
Across two studies (N-Study 1 = 101; N-Study 2 = 262) conducted among children in the UK, we incorporate Bandura's (1986) self-efficacy theory to intergroup contact literature and introduce the new construct of cross-ethnic friendship self-efficacy (CEFSE), the belief that one can successfully form and maintain high-quality cross-ethnic friendships. Study 1 examined whether sources of CEFSE beliefs (prior contact, indirect contact, social norms, and intergroup anxiety) predicted higher quality cross-ethnic friendships through CEFSE. Study 2 replicated Study 1 and extended it by including perceived parental cross-ethnic friendship quality as a further predictor. In both studies, sources of self-efficacy beliefs (except social norms) were related to CEFSE, which predicted higher quality cross-ethnic friendships. Study 2 demonstrated that parental cross-ethnic friendships had direct and indirect associations with children's cross-ethnic friendships through sources of CEFSE and CEFSE beliefs. Findings are discussed in the light of self-efficacy and intergroup contact theories.
SourceGroup Processes and Intergroup Relations
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