Study on swelling of hydrogels (PAAm) at various temperatures by using fluorescence technique
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CitationKaya Aktaş, D., Evingür, G. A. & Pekcan, M. Ö. (2007). Study on swelling of hydrogels (PAAm) at various temperatures by using fluorescence technique. Journal of Materials Science, 42(20), 8481-8488. doi:10.1007/s10853-007-1764-x
Steady-state fluorescence (SSF) technique was employed for studying swelling of polyacrylamide (PAAm) hydrogels. Disc-shaped gels were prepared by free-radical crosslinking copolymerization of acrylamide (AAm) with N, N'- methylenebis (acrylamide) (BIS) as crosslinker in the presence of ammonium persulfate (APS) as an initiator. Pyranine was introduced as a fluorescence probe. Fluorescence intensity of pyranine was measured during in situ swelling process at various temperatures and it was observed that fluorescence intensity values decreased as swelling is proceeded. Li-Tanaka equation was used to determine the swelling time constants, tau(c) and cooperative diffusion coefficients, D-c from intensity, weight and volume variations during the swelling processes. It is observed that swelling time constants, tau(c) decreased and diffusion coefficients, D-c increased as the swelling temperature is increased. The swelling activation energies, Delta E were measured from the intensity, weight and volume variations and found to be 10.7, 32.2 and 64.1 kJ mol(-1), respectively.