"Yarman-36 makam tone-system" for Turkish art music
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CitationYarman, O. & Karaosmanoğlu, M. K. (2014). "Yarman-36 makam tone-system" for Turkish art music. TWMS Journal of Applied and Engineering Mathematics, 4(2), 175-198.
This study offers a mathematically rigorous, yet straightforward, fixed-pitch tuning strategy to the problem of adequate sounding and notating of essential Turkish makam genera, in contradistinction to the praxis-mismatched music theory cast in effect known as Arel-Ezgi-Uzdilek (AEU). It comprises 36 tones locatable just by ear, via counting exact 0, 1 and 2 beats per second when listening to given octave, fifth and third intervals, starting from an algebraically attained reference frequency for A at 438.41 Hertz, very near the international standard A=440 Hz. The so-named Yarman-36 makam tone-system proposed in this paper accounts for hitherto omitted pitches in Uşşak, Saba, Hüzzam, etc... at popular transpositions, each corresponding to a habitually used Ahenk (concert pitch level specified by a chosen Ney reed), by virtue of being based on a twelve-by-twelve triplex structure of exclusively tailored Modified Meantone Baroque Temperaments. It thus also features pleasant shades of key-colors supporting polyphonic endeavours in line with Western common practice music.
SourceTWMS Journal of Applied and Engineering Mathematics
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